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Stress, sunshine, and environmental pollutants all leave their trace on our skin. Many factors contribute to skin aging, leaving you with an uneven skin tone, loose skin, fine lines and wrinkles, and sometimes even more serious skin conditions.Lifestyle changes can help a lot, but sometimes even if you eliminate all of the things that are in your control, a youthful appearance is still out of reach. In that case, it might be time to consider other skin rejuvenation options.
The main cause of skin aging, especially premature, are UV rays from the sun. Skin damage from the sun comes in many varieties: sun spots, uneven skin tone, dryness and wrinkles.
Environmental pollution, smoking, alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet and insufficient sleep all leave their mark on the skin too by contributing to the emergence of excess free radicals in the skin cells, loss of moisture, and lowered collagen production.
A decrease in collagen formation also occurs naturally with age. In addition, natural bone loss happens too. As the scaffolding that holds the soft tissue of the face recedes, that leads to sagging and wrinkling.
When it comes to skin appearance, timely reactions are key. Some major signs of aging can be difficult to reverse, so it’s important to start acting on time.
It’s never too early for proper skin care and healthy prevention. And if you already have visible sun exposure damage, facial wrinkles, acne scarring, broken capillaries or expression lines, it might be time to consider skin rejuvenation treatments.
While some damage, like more severe sun damage, acne scars, and deep lines are difficult or impossible to reverse just with lifestyle changes, there are a lot of skin issues that may benefit from healthier habits. With time passing by, your skin begins to show how you live – both the good and the bad habits.
Hydration gets a lot of hype, and it is deserved. The US Academy of medicine recommends a daily intake of 13 cups of water for men, and 9 cups for women. Most people are not that disciplined when it comes to their fluid intake, or they substitute water for caffeinated drinks like coffee, tea or soda, which actually have a diuretic effect.
Proper hydration is almost immediately visible as instant skin rejuvenation. When you drink enough water, your skin looks plumper and even fine lines can fill out to an extent. The skin has that natural glow that everyone is chasing.
The key to a diet for healthy skin is avoiding processed foods which exacerbate free radical production, as well as excess sodium which leads to fluid retention and gives the skin a bloated look. The food you eat should be rich in antioxidants to counteract oxidative damage.
There is no one-size-fits-all skin care routine that will result in instant skin rejuvenation. Having a skincare routine is a long game, and is more about prevention than reversal. It should include regular gentle cleaning to remove impurities and dead skin cells, and lots of hydration and moisturization for firm skin and diminished fine lines.
Smoking doesn’t just affect your lungs and your heart. It can also cause or exacerbate many skin conditions, such as psoriasis, alopecia, lupus erythematosus. A controlled study has also shown that smoking impedes the synthesis of new collagen.
In the sea of cosmetic treatments on offer nowadays, it’s difficult to know which ones will actually result in younger looking, smooth skin. Here are some which really work.
Chemical peels are a method of skin resurfacing which use acids to peel off the outer layers of the skin. A chemical peel may use different chemical formulas like for instance glycolic acid. The topmost dead cells of the skin are removed, and the new skin underneath is taut and firm. The skin’s texture is improves. Chemical peels come with a certain amount of irritation and you should consider your skin type before choosing this option. Recovery time may be up to a few weeks.
In terms of various serums and creams, retinoids are the most effective skin rejuvenation treatment that you can safely use at home. All retinoids are Vitamin A derivatives, and to be effective they need to convert to their active form – retinoic acid. Tretinoin – all trans-retinoic acid – is the most effective at skin resurfacing but also the harshest on the skin. You should choose the product you use depending on your skin sensitivity. Also, skin needs some training and adaptinv by using small amounts of retinoids less frequently at first.
There are many acid solutions on the market which you can use a few times a week for exfoliation that is gentler than a chemical peel. These products usually fall into one of three categories depending on the type of acid they contain: AHAs, BHAs or PHAs. AHAs, like glycolic acid or ascorbic acid, work on the outermost layer of the skin and are good way to improve textural irregularities of dry skin. BHAs offer a deep penetration and drive impurities and oil from the inside out. A PHA treatment might be a good choice for a person with sensitive skin.
Laser resurfacing or laser peels is a type of treatment in which the top layer of the skin’s surface is removed using light and heat. This reduces sun spots, age spots, scars and lines and wrinkles and stimulates collagen growth. It does not damage the surrounding skin but there is some temporary damage and irritation to the treated skin.
Dermal fillers are a minimally invasive procedure in which injections are used to smooth out fine lines and wrinkles and to achieve smoother skin and plumper features. The downside of fillers is that they require touch-ups every four to six months. The time between touch-ups gets smaller as you age because natural collagen production slows down and there’s less tissue to hold the fillers.
Botox injections are probably one of the most talked about skin rejuvenation treatment options. It is a minimally invasive procedure. Botox impedes facial movements of the area where it gets injected. A lot of people decide to get botox even in their twenties, to prevent the formation of frown lines and vertical lines such as laugh lines. The effects wear off after a few months.
Low level laser skin treatments are known under many names – photobiomodulation, red light therapy, LED light therapy, or, when it comes to cosmetic treatments, most commonly cold laser treatments. There is a difference between red vs blue light therapy for skin, and you should discuss what would work best for you with a professional.
This non-invasive treatment is done using a device that emits red and near infrared light. Light of these specific frequencies stimulates the skin cells by supporting their mitochondria in the process of energy and oxygen production. It also reduces the numbers of reactive oxygen species (free radicals) in the cell, slowing down the aging process within the cell and reversing oxygenation damage.
This kind of treatment increases the formation of new cells and the number of mitochondria within already existing cells, and boosts collagen production, leading to plumper, firmer skin, with no irregularities and with a healthy, youthful glow.
Red and near infrared light also reduce inflammation and swelling, supports blood vessels and blood circulation. This means that scarring and spots fade faster, and there is no bloating or acne.
LED light therapy can be used every day as a skin rejuvenation treatment. The length and settings of the treatments depend on particular skin concerns that you want to treat.
Low level laser therapy doesn’t have any negative side effects. Treatments with red and near infrared light devices are gentle and non-invasive. They don’t involve any heat or damage to the skin. All skin types, including sensitive skin can use red light therapy for skin rejuvenation, without redness or irritation.
Red light therapy doesn’t increase any risks to skin health. It doesn’t emit UV rays, and doesn’t cause skin cancer or increase your chances of getting it.
Red light therapy for skin rejuvenation is a treatment that is easily available in the comfort of your own home nowadays. You can have the benefits of cold laser treatments without the need for in-office procedures.